Criminal cases have a higher standard: The case against the defendant—made by a prosecutor—must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt. An appeal is a written petition to a higher court to modify or reverse a decision of a lower court. There are two sides: the defendant’s and the plaintiff’s. Thus we can see that the term ‘defendant’ is used in both civil as well as criminal cases. In a civil suit, the plaintiff must prove that it is probable that the defendant is legally responsible, or liable, because a civil case is decided on a balance of probabilities. Both the plaintiff and the defendant are also referred to as "parties" or "litigants." In criminal cases, alleged victims are often known to the defendant. a. A civil case begins when a person or entity (such as a corporation or the government), called the plaintiff, claims that another person or entity (the defendant) has failed to carry out a legal duty owed to the plaintiff. United States District Court Criminal Case Programs. Witnesses and defendants will be provided equipment by the Court. . The plaintiff in a civil lawsuit can be any other party such as individuals or business houses. Plaintiff describes the person who brings a civil suit in a court of law. The word plaintiff is only used in civil court cases, not criminal court cases. As mentioned above, in a criminal case, the Defendant For example, if a plaintiff who resides or is based in State A sues a defendant who is a resident of State B for $100,000, a federal court can hear the case. There are four sides: the defendant’s, the plaintiff… 14. There is one side: the defendant’s. There are three sides: the defendant’s, the plaintiff’s, and the judge’s. The Plaintiff and the Defendant are the parties involved in a lawsuit. This is the standard of proof for a civil case, just as the standard of proof for a criminal case is proof beyond a reasonable doubt. The party that appeals a ruling (regardless of whether it’s the plaintiff or defendant) is called the “appellant.” Tax Cases Most federal income tax disputes are between the IRS and the individual (or business) taxpayer. In an embezzlement case, the defendant is the employee of the complainant. etc. But in the case of criminal lawsuits, the other party is generally the state, federal or any other similar authority. Attorneys, plaintiff, defendant, witness, expert, interpreters, court reporters . The plaintiff is the party who must prove that they have been injured by the actions of another. The Defendant has the ability to file a counter-complaint against the Plaintiff. . The Defendant typically responds to a complaint filed by the Plaintiff by way of an answer either accepting or denying the charges in the complaint or bringing a counter-charge against the Plaintiff. Civil Cases. 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