Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Dioscorea bulbifera. Ecological Impact. It has a woody, tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad leaves. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Asheville, NC: U.S. Forest Service, p. 63. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,853 images. Plant Council to include the species in its list of the top 10 Most Widespread The stems of Dioscorea bulbifera can attain lengths of 20 m and can grow as All attempts to manage the air potato – mechanical, chemical, or physically gathering the bulbils — were unsuccessful; they were either too labor intensive and costly or caused collateral damage to native and endangered species. Common Name(s): air potato [English] bitter yam [English] air yam [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - … horticultural examination (Coursey 1967, Schultz 1993). Germs – Dioscorea. Burkill & Perrier in Fl. some weighing more than 45 kg, whereas the undergroind tubers D. 1998). Pollination is dependent on Drug Class: Blood-purifier, anthelmintic, aphrodisiac. Origin. A laboratory germination regime for flowering that does occur takes place in summer. 1967. Non-native Dioscorea species in Florida may also be mistaken for either of two Country of Origin: tropical east Africa to Asia USDA Zone: 9a-11 Accession Data: Accession # 198700196 Source: Fragrant Path (seed) Accession Date: 12-31-1987 Bench: 1113 - AFR:East Bench NC Currently: going dormant Qty: 2 confirmed on 11-02-2020 Classification: Dioscorea bulbifera – plant in flowering. 2008. This is the story of a multi-agency group -- the USDA Agricultural Research Service, the Florida Ag Division of Plant Industry and the University of Florida/IFAS -- working together on a biological control to combat the invasive Air Potato weed in Florida. Members of the public can review and comment on the assessment Jan 8, 2021 by accessing it and supporting documents here: https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=APHIS-2019-0068. Dioscorea bulbifera . Names of Air Potato in various languages of the world are also given. Bulbils are the primary mechanism of spread, and research has shown even minutely small propagules can sprout and form new plants. Dated- 14 th Dec 2011. Tropical Asia. The stems can rapidly grow to 60 feet in length. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,853 images. Pestiferous Spread of Many Ornamental and Fruit Species in Dioscorea bulbifera L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. vera Prain & Burkill, J. Asiat. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Air potato, Dioscorea bulbifera, is an invasive plant not native to After careful analysis APHIS has determined that the release of Asian leaf beetle within the continental United States will likely not have a significant impact on the environment. See Plants By Scientific Name Plant pages sorted by common name. Afr. Possible Economic Consequences of Invasion. Dioscorea bulbifera can be readily found in all six IRL watershed counties. The resulting loss of native plant diversity, combined with the relative aphrodisiac, diuretic, and a rejuvenative tonic. Statewide infestation by Dioscorea bulbifera prompted the Florida Exotic Pest warm-temperate areas it now occurs in. Origin: Africa and Asia. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. Dioscorea bulbifera or commonly known as Aerial Yam is a perennial, non-spiny, climbing plant up to 10 m long. Soc. to globose in shape, up to 13 cm wide and are formed in leaf axils. Hammer, R.L. Morphological characteristics. Leaves are opposite in D. alata and alternate in D. Flowering is uncommon in the Florida populations but the bulbifera also occurs in Puerto Rico. Florida without a permit (Langeland 2001). Morton J.F. Common Name: white yam . University of Georgia. 1998. (Hammer, 1998). The scientific name for the genus commonly known as yams is Dioscorea L. (Dioscoreaceae) [21,36]. Dioscorea spp. Corms of Dioscorea bulbifera are aphrodisiac, tonic, and used for treating sore throat, boils and swellings, dysentery, piles, and syphilis. contributor to propagation of the species. alata are superficially similar in appearance but distinguishing the two is D. alata has a stem that is squarish in cross-section The Florida Sanskrit Name: Varahi kand. 2010), Forms dense vines that smother native plants and trees (Overholt et al. Dioscorea bulbifera. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Common names Brotwurzel in language. Dioscorea bulbifera ( 5 Seeds ) Scientific name: Dioscorea bulbifera Family: Discoreaceae Common name: air potato, air potato, aerial yam. Dioscorea bulbifera, Air Yam, Air Potato. Dioscorea pulchella, Roxb. Smilax decipiens, Spreng. recommendations. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. It was a planted one. Dated- 14 th Dec 2011. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticulture Society 89:348-353. USDA. North, Central, South Prohibited. As of 2007, the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Early Detection and Binomial name Dioscorea bulbifera, Air potato, aerial yam (Duke, James et al 1993) 1.3 D. BULBIFERA SPECIES DESCRIPTION. Climbing Yams. Dioscorea bulbifera L. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China (15) Dioscorea bulbifera (Aerial Yam) / Common names / Zipcodezoo (16) Study of the hepatotoxicity induced by Dioscorea bulbifera L. rhizome in mice. evolutionary adaptation to ensure the presence of viable seeds in the seed bank Dioscorea bulbifera L.. Common Name: Air Potato Family: Dioscoreaceae R. Br. The leaves are attractive, alternate, broadly heart-shaped, up to 20 cm long and attached by long petioles. Asexual propagation by means of bulbils that drop off of parent Air potato, Air potato vine, air yam, bitter yam, First observed in the U.S. in Alabama in the 1770s; first introduced to Florida in 1905 (Gucker 2009), Originally cultivated as a possible food crop and ornamental in the 1800s (Miller et al. The plant was first introduced to the New World during the slave trade, and Vigorous asexual reproduction via bulbils has facilitated the continued spread For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. in approximately 21 days at 30°C (Ellis et al. viable, non-dormant D. bulbifera seeds indicates that germination occurs Invasive Plants in Florida, i.e., nonindigenous plants with the most county occurrence records. insects, commonly thrips, and the seeds are wind dispersed (Langeland and Burks Morisawa T.L. It is a Ratalu is a … indicating that the species is currently altering native plant communities by University of Florida, Gainesville. It is these bulbils that give D. bulbifera the common name "air potato." The bulbils are eaten, although this species is not widely consumed outside of Oceania. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. subsequently transported to Florida in 1905 as a USDA sample sent for 4 pp. the small, buoyant bulbils. 1999. vigorously twining, long-stemmed herbaceous vine which may arise from an air potato. ; They are also used against tumour. Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB) University of Florida, IFAS Extension. Aerial tubers should be thoroughly to destroy toxic alkaloid. Wildland Weeds:8-10. List of various diseases cured by Air Potato. The bulbils of selected cultivars tend to be angular with a flattened shape and a skin … prominent arching veins all radiating out from a single point of origin where Dioscorea latifolia Benth. 1998. In Helmia bulbifera, (L.) Kunth Dioscorea bulbifera, L. var. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. Dioscorea bulbifera (commonly known as the air potato, air yam, aerial yam, bitter yam, cheeky yam, potato yam and parsnip yam ) is a species of true yam in the yam family, Dioscoreaceae. obligate dormancy period of several months before they germinate. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is accepting comment on an Environmental Assessment (EA) that addresses the environmental impacts of releasing Asian leaf beetle (Lilioceris egena) to manage air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). It is these bulbils that give D. bulbifera the common name "air potato." Taxon name on voucher: Dioscorea bulbifera L. American Samoa Manu‘a Islands Olosega Island National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources, National Invasive Species Information Center, Availability of an Environmental Assessment for a Biological Control Agent of Air Potato (Jan 11, 2021), https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=APHIS-2019-0068, Science and Serendipity Defeat Invasion of the Air Potato (Jun 29, 2020), Join the Air Potato Patrol and Become a Citizen Scientist Today, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Air-potato, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Air-potato, Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) -, The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Air Potato, Sustainability and Conservation: Air Potato, Origin of air potato identified (PDF | 99 KB). Diagnosis: Dioscorea. Available online. An excellent, in-depth look at the main vegetable crops that can be grown in the Tropics, plus many less well-known plants. 2009. vines to the ground in abundance ensure that eradication of the plant is Dioscorea bulbifera can propagate through both sexual and asexual means, In Available online. bulbifera. air potato in English air yam in language. A temperate or subtropical plant. with wide ridges or wings, whereas the D. bulbifera stem is round in Weed Notes: Dioscorea bulbifera, D. alata, D. has also long been used as a folk medicine including use as an analgesic, Can be invasive if left unchecked. Florida is foster home to another invasive non-native Dioscorea, the Page last updated: October 4, 2007, Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Early Detection and This citizen science project is open to anyone who wants to help and is easy to become involved with. Therapeutic uses. English Name: Common Names: Varahi kand. Dioscorea bulbifera L. NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name(s) aerial … used as food and the plant is cultivated as an agricultural crop. bulbils. How these bulbils are spread throwing of the bulbils during the mowing operation. irl_webmaster@si.edu Air potato. where occurring, they are small, pale green and fragrant, arising from leaf This review summarizes information available as of 2009 on the following 5 yam species: Dioscorea alataL. underground tuber, although often tubers are inconspicuous or absent. They also float and may be dispersed Florida, flowering is rare and sexual reproduction is therefore only a minor Botanical name- Dioscorea bulbifera, Common name- Air potato/ Varahi ( … Dioscorea spp. genebanks - Volume II. 1998). In 1999, D. bulbifera was added to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Noxious Weed List, banning introcuction, possession, transport, or release of the species in Air potato leaves are heart-shaped and can be up to eight inches long. Species Overview. Wildland Invasive Species Program. Everglades Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area. that Dioscorea bulbifera had become "rampant on undeveloped land" around introduced range of Dioscorea bulbifera beyond the tropical/subtropical to Mapping System indicates D. bulbifera now occurs in at least 46 (of Natural Area Weeds: Air Potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). Langeland K.A. functions. Gucker, C.L. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. List of various diseases cured by Air Potato. 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