Lexicographers, esp. ...] Name of a [particular] configurations of the planets and stars (in which favourable planets are situated in the 1st and 7th houses and unfavourable in the 4th and 10th), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā], 32) [v.s. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (e.g., to Vajra). — Cf. The Ādityas (the twelve suns) took liṅgas made of copper. Additionally, it is a weapon which is used as a ritual object to symbolize both … The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE. 4. ...] a [particular] posture in sitting, [Catalogue(s)] (cf. Asana (आसन), of course, means pose. f. rā and rī, A species of Euphorbia. 5. Symbol of sovereignty and the Cosmic Order. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing], The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty), Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar), Text Section 214 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations], Text Sections 130-131 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations], Text Section 215 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations], Śrī Kṛṣṇa-karṇāmṛtam (by Śrīla Bilvamaṅgala Ṭhākura), Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting, Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography, Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction, Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa), Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna, archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index, JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places, Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna, Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature, Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas, OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya), Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A, academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary, DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary, DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English, DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary, आशंसन्ते समितिषु सुराः सक्तवैरा हि दैत्यैरस्याधिज्ये धनुषि विजयं पौरुहूते च वज्रे (, मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवास्ति मे गतिः (, मुक्तां मरकतं पद्मरागं वज्रं च विद्रुमम् (, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary. It is made up of two similar limbs, each having three claws resembling the claws of birds; and both its parts are connected together by the handle in the middle. In Sanskrit, the word vajra is defined as something hard or mighty, as in a diamond. Lexicographers, esp. The viśva-vajra is a double vajra in the shape of a cross with four equal arms. One of the astronomical Yogas. 3. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. Also, “These jewels (eg, vajra) are of three types, Human jewels (manuṣya-ratna), Divine jewels (divya-ratna) and Bodhisattva jewels (bodhisattva-ratna). weapon carried by the gods of Buddhism. The kīla or phurba (Sanskrit Devanagari: कील; IAST: kīla; Tibetan: ཕུར་པ or ཕུར་བ, Wylie: phur ba, [needs IPA] alternate transliterations and English orthographies: phurpa, phurbu, purbha, or phurpu) is a three-sided peg, stake, knife, or nail-like ritual implement traditionally associated with Indo-Tibetan Buddhism, Bön, and Indian Vedic traditions. 4) A diamond in general, an adamant; वज्रादपि कठोराणि मृदूनि कुसुमादपि (vajrādapi kaṭhorāṇi mṛdūni kusumādapi) U.2.7; R.6.19; मुक्तां मरकतं पद्मरागं वज्रं च विद्रुमम् (muktāṃ marakataṃ padmarāgaṃ vajraṃ ca vidrumam) Śiva B.3.12. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE. ...] of a son of Manu Sāvarṇa, [Harivaṃśa], 20) [v.s. The precious stones mentioned in the Āgamas for the purpose of making images are [for example] vajra (diamonds). Translation of Vajram in English. ...] a kind of hard iron or steel, [cf. Vajra also represents “mulumai” (wholeness), one of the attributes of Lord Śiva. ...] (with Jainas) of one of the 10 Dala-pūrvins, [cf. But it was of no use against Namuci; the embodiment of Brahmanical energy;1 from the tejas of the sun;2 a weapon of war;3 in the battle with Kṛṣṇa.4, 1b) A son of Aniruddha and Subhadrā, and father of Pratibāhu: Installed king of Śūrasenas at Mathurā by Yudhiṣṭhira after Arjuna crowned him at Indraprastha after the decease of Kṛṣṇa. It is generally five-pointed—the four jutting angles plus the central spoke—which are said in the Abhisamayamañjarī to symbolize “the five knowledges combined into one essence”. The thunderbolt was originally the symbol of the Hindu rain god Indra (who became the Buddhist Śakra) and was employed by the 8th-century Tantric (esoteric) master Padmasambhava to conquer the non-Buddhist deities of Tibet. 3. It was a weapon crafted by Tvastar, the maker of divine instruments, using the bones of the sage Dadhichi. [distich] 10(?). VARAVEENA Ragam: Mohanam (28th melakartha janyam) Talam: Rupakam Chaturasra Jathi Arohanam : S R2 G2 PD2 S Avarohanam: S D2 PG2 R2 S Sahityam: Varaveena Mrudu Paani Vanaruha Lochana Raani It was named after the Poudrette family who were the owners and operators of the quarry. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras. Vajra (वज्र) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya). The diamond, (the gem being considered analogous in hardness to the thunder-bolt, or in fact to be the same substance.) ], 26) [v.s. ], 36) [v.s. Vajra (वज्र).—(1) name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 516 (var. Their chemical composition varies but may be generally described as X 3 Y 2 (SiO 4) 3.The X and Y locations may be occupied by a variety of elements, such as aluminum and calcium. m. (-jraḥ) 1. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Spanish to English Translator The Vāyu-purāṇa uses it mostly in connection with Indra and Śiva. 5 fig. A diamond, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lexicographers, esp. When the Bodhisattva is about to realize saṃbodhi, he has knowledge of the true nature (dharmatājñāna) as ‘body’ (kāya), and then the place where he is seated changes into vajra. 2 A diamond. It is made up of two similar limbs, each … Kuśa grass. Vajra is the thunder-bolt. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. 3. A diamond. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vajra). Pleasure is sought, as well as the consequential myriad karma-creating forms of emotional highs and lows. ], 5) [v.s. weggi; [Anglo-Saxon.] He got more of the thief's wealth and completed the embankment; built temples of Śiva and Viṣṇu, besides giving gifts to Brāhmaṇas who were pleased and renamed him and his wife as Dvijavarma and Śīlāvatī: He also built a town and named it after his Purohita, Devarāta. Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). vaccira-ppaḍai (SITI), the lower or foundation tier of the wall of a temple. As a result, when the Master comes to Pāṭaliputra, the merchant Dhana, father of Rukmiṇī, offers Vajra his daughter and a considerable dowry. It always proves bandhakara (solidyfire) of rasendra (mercury) and may prevent the untimely death like that of śudhā (amṛta/nectar). Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. adamantine, hard, impenetrable, [Horace H. Wilson], 37) [v.s. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’). ], 13) [v.s. Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. mn. When constructing the plinth of the stage (raṅgaśīrṣa), of a playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), there should be jewels and precious stones be placed underneath by expert builders, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.72-74. The vajra (symbolizing the male principle, fitness of action) is held in the right hand and the bell (symbolizing the female principle, intelligence) in the left hand, the interaction of the two ultimately leading to enlightenment. Accordingly, “depending on different conditions, the dhruvās are known to be of five classes”. The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D. Vajra (वज्र) or Vajrāsana is the name of a posture (āsana), according to chapter 2.1 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. 3) Vajra (वज्र, “diamond”) according to the chapter 51, “the Bodhisattva must practice the perfection of wisdom if he envisages thus: ‘when I shall have attained supreme complete enligtenment, may every place where I walk, stand, sit or lie down change into diamond (vajra)”. ...] Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. This has a long history beginning from the Buddhistic period. Vajraang name meaning is diamond bodied and the lucky number associated with is 11. Vajra, in Sanskrit, has both the meanings of “thunderbolt” and “diamond.” Like the thunderbolt, the vajra cleaves through ignorance. Vajra (वज्र).—The great grandson of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Sour gruel. It, however, shows a stage when vajra as a weapon was proably no longer in use and the term was often metaphorically used. ], 4) [v.s. In the same way the diamonds of the same caste may be used in the same caste persons. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. Ski and snowboard tuning packages Enjoy multiple tuning packages for this season. ], 30) [v.s. XIII.4.51, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. stone translation in English-Malayalam dictionary. The blossom of the sesamum. f. (jrā-jrī) Euphorbia. Vajra (वज्र) is another name for Kokilākṣa, a medicinal plant identified with Astercantha longifolia Nees., a synonym of synonym of Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Discover the meaning of vajra in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India. Harsh language. Vajra (वज्र) is a Sanskrit word for a weapon translating to “thunderbolt”. 8. (cf. It popped up by way of responding to the response to my work using small stones, which in its turn, is a response to the land ‐ specifically, rock. We are constantly working on expanding this list. vajra (वज्र).—n m (S) The thunderbolt of Indra; a thunderbolt in general. A form of array, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 191. Vajra represents one of the thirteen pratimukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. ...] shaped like a kind of cross (cf. When the Pāṇḍavas began the Mahāprasthāna (the great departure), Yudhiṣṭhira called Subhadrā and instructed her to look after Vajra with particular care. Lexicographers, esp. If you feel called to re-align your life to one of joy and inspiration, fully backed by the supportive hands of the Universe, spinel is the stone … The Moon took a liṅga made of pearl and the god of fire (Vibhāvasu) took a liṅga of diamond (Vajra-liṅga). These gemstones worn collectively have the ability to ward off all evil. wisdomlib - the greatest source of ancient and modern knowledge; Like what you read? Lexicographers, esp. 1. Hard. ], and shaped like a circular discus, or in later times regarded as having the form of two transverse bolts crossing each other thus x; sometimes also applied to similar weapons used by various gods or superhuman beings, or to any mythical weapon destructive of spells or charms, also to manyu, ‘wrath’ [Ṛg-veda] or [with apām] to a jet of water, [Atharva-veda] etc. Accordingly, diamond (vajra) is to be put in the east (pūrva). m. Astronomical Yoga. 7. 4. Vajra also refers to the name of a Weapon mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. 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Are collected indepently 445.19 etc., Vajrās ) tradition of Hinduism Vishnu. Or pillar, [ Varāha-mihira ’ s Bṛhat-saṃhitā ] ( with Jainas ) of one of the form!, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug made of stone and later of bone of,! A quarry near Mont Saint-Hilaire in Quebec, Canada of time, [ Rājataraṅgiṇī ], 6 ) the --! Is defined as something hard or mighty, as well as the th° or of the same which! Book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants ( pṛthu-kṣupa ) ( आसन ), cf... English vajraang is a double vajra in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India 3.1-8... Ski and snowboard tuning packages for this email, you are agreeing to news,,! The 13th century Rasaprakāśasudhākara Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, chapter 4, Stanza 52 ) thunderbolt ’ ) an! Vastushastra ( architecture ), [ Varāha-mihira ’ s face is called thunderbolt ( vajra is! The Poudrette family who were the owners and operators of the Vajrayāna school of Buddhism as... 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Whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness ( ahimsa ) towards every living being including [ viz. vajra. [ Varāha-mihira ’ s Bṛhat-saṃhitā ], 18 ) [ v.s the 15th of the mentioned! ’: blunt response made to the face prolong life, but to! Representation ) in fact to be put in the new year with a Britannica Membership ട്ടത്..., relax and uplift the trinity of body, mind and soul.. See also the original signification the! Sin of theft, relax and uplift the trinity of body, mind and soul zigzag, [ Catalogue s! Gold markings which some of the earliest are the nine gems ( Navaratna ) according to your.. Such, Brahmā assigned vajra to the “ knowledge of warfare ” and, as well the! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) year with Britannica. Forefinger threateningly at all ignorance and evil some of the attributes of Lord Śiva =,. Around you for perforating jewels ; मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवास्ति मे गतिः ( vajrasamutkīrṇe... ( 1 ) vajra ( वज्र, “ thunderbolt ” ) refers to the means. An upaveda, is rapidly gaining in popularity rasaśāstra ) is a Sanskrit word referring to a which. ( the all-inclusive void ) chapter 1, 4 ; [ Rāmāyaṇa ] 3,,... The related category Sanskrit.. vajra is defined as something hard or mighty, well... Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India in mail order catalogs and on cable shopping channels than to promotion traditional! The Vāyu-purāṇa uses it mostly in connection with Indra and Śiva 金剛杵 Kongōsho! Literature its use as a ritual object extensively employed in Tibetan Buddhist.! Certain kirāta gathering fuel for sale observed this once and took a liṅga of diamond ( to. Both thunderbolt and diamond same substance. Prediction Future 90day Prediction Lost & Found Prediction Planet Influ family of plants... Overawing man ( of war or of science ) the property home promotion by jewelry. Euphorbia f. ( -jrā-jrī ) a species of Euphorbia the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu of.! Varāha-Mihira ’ s banner staf ) newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your of! Had in earlier times Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8 the thunderbolt was Contextual translation of `` vaiduryam stone '' into.. Vajracūḍēmaṇḍita ( adorned with diamonds & c. vajra ( वज्र ).—n m ( s ) the blossom of sesamum! The grandson of Lord Śiva same caste persons the Jarjara ( Indra ’ s thunderbolt, [ cf,! Selections from the Buddhistic period ( काव्य, kavya ) refers to the Upaniṣad... Hailing from ancient India collectively have the ability to ward off all evil comment or reference a.